Novel Discussion Board #1: 1984

2 minutes hate

Two Minutes Hate

In 1984, Winston Smith works for the Ministry of Truth, which in actual truth isa kind of “Ministry of propaganda,” since “truth” is merely a manufactured item. What is the Party’s purpose of propaganda? What are some moral objections to the use of propaganda? How did the Nazis use propaganda? What were they trying to achieve? How did the Soviet Communists use propaganda? And,what were they trying to achieve? Then, identify and explain one significant use of propaganda in our country today. Consider advertising, political sloganeering, mass media, etc. Be specific. Give details from the novel and history and current events.
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15 responses to “Novel Discussion Board #1: 1984

  • Collin Falloway

    Propaganda is the essential tool of every great totalitarian state. In 1984, this sentiment is echoed – propaganda is used to the utmost efficiency. In order for any dictatorship to flourish it must eliminate the free thought of its citizens, which is exactly what the Party does, as well as every other real world example of authoritarian states. The Nazis, the Soviets, all as ideologically similar as they are different and each effectively used propaganda to articulate the desires of the central party. The most apparent use of propaganda in this country is probably the military. At schools you find posters glorifying the military and every morning we pledge our allegiance to a flag. Propaganda is all around us, in all countries, even the ones we consider “free”.

  • will formean

    In 1984, the Party uses propaganda to instill fear into the people and prevent them from rising against the Party. This propaganda personally hypnotizes the people into accepting a fascist state. The Nazis shoved materialistic communist culture down the throats of their people to assemble a world dominating race. The Soviets tried to achieve total domination over their people and and they did by introducing government dominance over every aspect of a Soviet’s life. Today, our country despises terrorist organizations and denounces the practices of radicalization through news ads and posters.

  • Caitlin Adams

    The party uses propaganda to create a common enemy for the people. If everyone hates the same person, it gives them all a common goal. The party tells the people what to think so that they do not focus on the real issues at hand. They use the two minutes of hate to present information about a “traitor” daily, forcing the people to believe the idea of the mad are wrong and should be hated. Morally, propaganda , in a way, is lying to the people. Propaganda presents information in a way that over inflates the truth. Most propaganda does not present the whole truth and tricks the people into believing false claims. The Nazis used propaganda to legitimize their actions. They repeatedly blamed the Jews and non-Aryan for the countries problem. They used media, posters, discriminatory laws toward the Jews in order to convince the German people that they were the enemy. Once the people believed this idea, they were able to kill millions of people with their countries support. Soviet Russia used propaganda to further the communism ideal. They made it whee the propaganda was omnipresent and highly effective. They were able to convince their people that certain sciences were evil. They heavily relied on censorship. As long as no material was obtainable to contradict their beliefs, the people believed them. The news heavily uses propaganda to put the Americans against the Muslims. The media uses selective words to portray them in a negative light, calling them terrorists and evil. But when America does similar things we are hailed as heroes and our actions are justified. In the case of the Chapel Hill shooting, a white man killed 3 American Muslims and was simply said to be mentally ill. Others even applauded his actions. But if a Muslim man had killed three white, christian Americans,he would be called a terrorist and the nation would want him dead.

  • Brianna Boswell

    The Party’s purpose of propaganda was to unify the people so that no uprisings would occur, which would make the Party weaker. A moral objection to the use of propaganda is that people should be allowed to think and believe what they want, without being afraid for their lives if they disagree with the Party. Also, the Two Minutes Hate, is wrong. It makes people angry and anything that invokes anger is morally questionable. The Nazi’s developed campaigns using images and slogans repeated over and over again in order to win support. They also used newspapers, leaflets, and poster campaigns. The Soviet Communists used the radio, posters, and films with propaganda in them to spread support. One significant use of propaganda in our country today are the commercials on television about joining the U.S. Army or the Marine Corps. Those commercials come on all of the time and they always say the same thing. For example, “The few, the proud, the Marines.”

  • Hannah Goldman

    The purpose of the Party’s propaganda is to unite a group of people who otherwise have nothing to believe in. Being that their standard of living is so low, they would neither respect a leader, nor despise an enemy without being force fed the idea. The moral objection to such a commanding way of transferring opinions is the lack of freedom. The people have no way to think for themselves, and are told that all they do is think for themselves. They know nothing but their kind of freedom, so they don’t know what they’re missing.The Nazis used propaganda to turn an entire population of people against Jews. Jews were to blame for their economic, political and social problems; they were corrupting the government from the inside out and had to be stopped. The soviets used it in the same way the Party in this book does, by telling people that their way of life is the best way of life. The Soviets went so far as to claim anyone else on Earth who disagreed deserved to die because they would be the downfall of their oh-so-great nation. Such opinions from both groups however were transferred by posters, television, radio, and any means necessary to ensure their nations population agreed with everything the government did. One example of propaganda today that is actually positive is the phrase “Black Lives Matter” and it was used after several shootings of African Americans by white cops. The message was used to force people to think about how the black community in America is feeling stripped of the civil liberties, and how America as a whole needs to step back to truly acknowledge the issue of racism in today’s society. As a whole, people tend to wrongfully assume racism is an issue of the previous two centuries, and it took propaganda to convince people that there still needs to be changes.

  • Lauren Williams

    The Party used propaganda to infiltrate and brainwash the minds of the citizens of Oceania. The propaganda promoted fear and hatred of the old leader of the former society, and “trust” and “devotion” to Big Brother and his government and current society. Some people believe propaganda to be immoral because it misleads, lies, and brainwashes the public, and forces them to believe in certain ideas. However, not all cases of propaganda are negative.
    Nazi Germany used the swastika and other forms of propaganda to strike fear into the hearts of many Germans, but also promote the Nazi government.
    Soviet communists used propaganda in similar ways the Nazi Germans did, except the Soviets were promoting the the communist form of government.
    Political advertisements broadcasted on television would exemplify a form of propaganda. The people who fund the ads are trying to influence the public opinion by focusing and statistics and quotes that catch the public’s attention. These ads try to pose candidates in a certain light in order to influence the vote of the target audience: the public.

  • Andrea Paczkowski

    The party’s purpose of propaganda was to bring the people together and prevent any form of rebellion, which would make the party weaker. Some of the moral objections to the propaganda are the lack of independent opinion and the party trying control the view and ideas of the citizens. The Nazis used posters and leaflets in order to gain support. The Soviet Communists also used leaflets and posters, but also made videos to gain support. The advertising used in the presidential elections in order to gain support is an example of the significant use of propaganda in our country today. Political commercials can be compared to the Two Minutes of Hate in the book, because one party is insulting the opposing party and trying to persuade the watchers to change their opinions.

  • Haley Higdon

    1984 paints a horrifying picture of the nature of propaganda. The ability of the human mind to be coerced in such a way that we begin to think thoughts that we might not otherwise think is the very thing that propaganda thrives on. This is the purpose of the Party’s propaganda in 1984, as well as the purpose of the propaganda of the Soviets and the Nazis. The fear of evil regimes is the free thought of their citizens, and propaganda works actively to prevent this. In modern times, the propaganda perpetrated by the Chinese government is an apt example. The citizens of China have no idea, for example, that the atrocity of Tienanmen Square happened. Thousands of Chinese citizens were slaughtered by their government, and through the effort of effective propaganda, the people of China have no idea that these events happened. Censorship of the internet, and the state run media, have China basically living in a state of complete ignorance to the crimes committed by their government.

  • Haley Higdon

    1984 paints a horrifying picture of the nature of propaganda. The ability of the human mind to be coerced in such a way that we begin to think thoughts that we might not otherwise think is the very thing that propaganda thrives on. This is the purpose of the Party’s propaganda in 1984, as well as the purpose of the propaganda of the Soviets and the Nazis. The fear of evil regimes is the free thought of their citizens, and propaganda works actively to prevent this. In modern times, the propaganda perpetrated by the Chinese government is an apt example. The citizens of China have no idea, for example, that the atrocity of Tienanmen Square happened. Thousands of Chinese citizens were slaughtered by their government, and through the effort of effective propaganda, the people of China have no idea that these events happened. Censorship of the internet, and the state run media, have China basically living in a state of complete ignorance to the crimes committed by their government.

  • Zac Evans

    The Party uses propaganda for two main reasons. The first is to instill a sense of patriotism and unity into the minds of the impressionable, such as Parsons and his children. The second is to impose fear into those that would otherwise seek to oppose The Party. These ideas are very simmilar to both the Nazi party from germany, and the USSR. Both countries, while seperate in morals and beliefs, used propaganda in a very similar way. The Nazis used propaganda to create an unwarranted hatred towards the Jewish community, while simultaneously uniting the people in that hate. Communist Russia used propaganda to discourage free thinking amongst the citizenry in order to discourage an uprising of the people. The Party seeks to achieve both of these goals through the use of propaganda. In our country today, many politicians and government figureheads and authorities use propagana for fear mongering, repeatedly highlighting terrorist threats and using attacks like the 9/11 incident to allow for policies like increased security in practically every government building and public transport center.

  • galtea

    The purpose of propaganda is to keep this kind of ”ideal” utopia within London. The moral objections that have happened in the book so far is the restriction of thinking differently and altering their vocabulary to restrict the citizens from thinking against ”Big Brother”. The Nazis used slogans and chants to enforce propaganda to spread their ideas and practices as being something good. The US uses propaganda through TV, the internet, and radios. The new movie ”American Sniper” is a perfect piece of propaganda, showing that killing Muslim children and women was a rightful duty to the United States. It shows false representations of an entire nation and its people.

  • Lauren Widner

    The party’s purpose of propaganda was to keep the people oblivious to anything that was opposing Big Brother or to keep the people from realizing that they were being manipulated. Some moral objections to this would be that everyone has the natural right to speak freely and should not be held accountable to what they think or say. The Nazi’s used slogans, posters, and chants to glorify Hitler and the country. These things were used to keep the people thinking that what the leaders were doing was the best for their country and their well being. The Soviet Communists mostly used radio messages and television films of the war to motivate their people. They were trying to achieve their citizens to keep supporting the Soviet’s movement to win the war. Today, one significant use of propaganda in our country that is used is commercials joining the armed forces to serve the country. The commercials show that the veterans are highly respected and looked up to and are being thanked by their fellow Americans in the most highest honor. Even commercials that are not even about the armed forces even advertise that being a veteran is very highly looked up upon. The commercial about Casey’s Pizza illustrates a boy in the store eating a slice of pizza with his mom and a public bus outside parks across the street.The boy then grabs the box with the remaining pizza and walks up to the veteran (dressed in his army clothes), offers the pizza to him with a smile, and then says, “Thank You.”

  • Jack Dees

    The party’s purpose of the propaganda of truth was to control the citizens so they would not rebel against the government. If they did, the party would fall apart and that obviously can’t happen. Some moral objections used against this truth propaganda is that people should have the freedom to do and say what they wish. The party having watch on everyone at all times prevented the people from doing this. The Nazi’s filled the minds of the people of Germany with their fake propaganda for years. They made them believe that what they were doing across Europe was for the greater good of Germany and its future. Some believed them and fell under their reign, but others knew what the Germans were doing was bad. Some examples would be the killing of the jews or domination over countries to take as their own to occupate. What they were trying to do is to have complete power and authority over the people, Europe, and eventually the world. They wanted to make their new found territories as pure as possible by eliminating anyone that went against them and was not of true Arian decent. The soviet communists suppressed their people’s freedom of speech and controlled all forms of media in order to show what they wanted their citizens to see. They blinded them of the outside world and made them think the communist world they lived in was good. One example of propaganda that is seen in our society today would be things such as military recruiting. Many commercials depict the military as being honorable and if you join you’re doing a great thing for your country. They offer to pay for your college after your service and many other benefits along with it. The government is trying to persuade more and more people to join.

  • Brooke Schell

    The party’s purpose of propaganda was to make everyone come together in hopes of the lessening the chance of a rebellion. There are many types of moral objections to the propaganda such as the lack of someone forming their own opinion and the party controlling everything that the citizens do.The Nazis and Communists used posters for support and to advertise their opinion, and made other things such as videos to gain even more support in a different manner. Today, advertising for presidential and government elections are used to help get the votes of the American people and persuade them into believing their ideas. Political and government commercials are like the Two Minutes of Hate in the book, because one party is insulting the opposing party and trying to persuade the watchers to change their opinions, just like they do in the commercials and radio ads.

  • Sierra Maddox

    In 1984 the party uses propaganda to persuade the people Oceania into following Big Brother. The party showcases Oceania’s “accomplishments” in the war in the news and hold shows punishing “traitors.” In World War II the Nazis used propaganda such as slogans and campaigns to make people believe what they were doing was beneficial to Germany and the rest of the world. The Soviets used propaganda to promote the Communist party and to suppress the citizens of the Soviet Union so the party could maintain power. In today’s world candidates of political campaigns use propaganda to gain gain votes. Oftentimes the propaganda is television commercials that praise the candidate bash the opposing candidate.

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